the cartel to the Commission (see note regarding leniency below). Firstly, Article 101(3) creates an exemption for practices beneficial to consumers,.g., by facilitating technological advances, but without restricting all competition in the area. Archived from the original (PDF) on Retrieved 10 February 2007. 2008; Chicago-Kent College of Law Research Paper. Meaning that the purpose for oversight over economic concentration by the states are to prevent abuses of dominant position by undertakings. Britain and the application of State aid and procurement policy in the European Union" (Garskarth) March 2013" (PDF). For shipping to the United Kingdom visit this page. A transparent a market has a more concentrated structure, meaning firms can co-ordinate their behaviour with relative ease, firms can deploy deterrents and shield themselves form a reaction by their competitors and consumers. The Commission also provides a leniency policy, under which companies that whistle blow over the anti-competition policies of cartels are treated leniently and may obtain either total immunity or a reduction in fines. The Commission Notice on Immunity from fines and reduction of fines in cartel cases 90 guarantees immunity and penalty reductions to firms who co-operate with the Commission in detecting cartels.
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